black bear characteristics

02 Jan black bear characteristics

Everything, that’s why it’s dangerous for them to create a habitat near humans. Black bears also like salmon and other kinds of fish and will hunt for small mammals if available where they live. For more information concerning Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, continue to read our featured stories within the Highlander’s  “Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains” series. Today, the grizzly bear remains in a few isolated locations in … They make their way up the tree in a spiral motion before descending rump first until their bottoms make contact with the forest floor. Black bear hibernation can last up to 6 or 7 months depending on their habitat and climate conditions. The head is small but is supported by a strong neck. There are also brown bears in the Himalayas, northern China, Mongolia, Japan and Russia. The tail is very short and inconspicuous. Black bears are found in most forested areas from Mexico north to the edge of the tree line in Canada and Alaska. Black Bears usually begin breeding between 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 years of age. In fact wolves are weary of bears who monitor their hunting activities. Custom «Characteristics of a Black Bear» Essay Paper essay. This defense measure of the mother bear likely derives not so much from human threat, but from the obvious history of male bears that will often kill cubs for food, mother bears must be overly protective. Larger claims in populated areas such as California have been made but never substantiated. writing, digital images, etc are the, Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign Black Bears are solitary creatures that naturally prefer to live in the forest away from the human population, although don’t let their shyness give you any false sense of security. They live in many different habitats are not picky about what they eat. to find out first about our new feature stories, road trips and special offers. The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States.. Brandon could barely hold this healthy yearling. They prefer to pursue small critters like squirrels, chipmunks, woodchucks, mice, pack rats, and any other mammal that burrow. black bear characteristics Essay Examples. Black bear cubs leave small prints with no claw indentations. Bears not only eat honey, they also eat the bees from beehives; the stingers don’t seem to discourage them. What do they like to eat? Black; Tan; Dark Brown; Skin Type Fur Top Speed 30 mph Lifespan 15 - 30 years Weight 100kg - 270kg (220lbs - 594lbs) Height 1.3m - 1.8m (4.25ft - 6ft) Age of Sexual Maturity 4 - 6 years Age of Weaning 6 - 8 months All bears, mothers bears included, have excellent dexterity within their paws, both firm and soft. They have black colored fur, and lighter brown colored muzzles with black noses and a black stripe up the top of the muzzle. They will eat field grasses, roots, tubers, nuts, berries of all kinds, fruits, and other foods. Thanks to conservation efforts their population in some areas, such as California, are on the increase. Black Bear Ursus americanus Context. The Black Bear’s nose and ears are comparable to a dog’s keen sense, and their sight is as good as a monkey. of rest, though they may wake if disturbed. Although there is a drop in body temperature, metabolic rate, and heart rate, they can awaken from their sleep to defend their cubs or ward off attacks if necessary. In their search for food in their habitat they can cross ponds, lakes, and rivers to get to better feeding grounds (including campgrounds, lodges, and resorts). At this stage of exodus from the mother’s den the cubs have grown into what is called a “yearling,” no longer a cub and not quite an adult yet old enough to live on their own. A Black bear living under normal conditions can live well into their 30’s while bears living nearer to human population live an average of 25% or less time due to dangers of human/bear conflict and obtainable garbage. The bear will then either repeat all the same gesture as before or more often the bear will veer off the charge and run to a safer area, or in the worse case scenario, complete his or her intent if they feel they are being physically threatened. In the eastern third of North America, the majority of black bears are a deep black color, and about a quarter of them sport a white chest blaze. These Black Bears have lost most of their fear of humans; they can be very persistent beggars. A male American black bear, for instance, may roam an area of about 15 to 75 square miles (40 to 200 square kilometers). They are solitary creatures by nature, communing only during mating season. The females have much smaller ranges. The American black bear is considered a threatened species in some areas. This is particularly true in soils that have a fair amount of sand such as grounds near lakes and rivers where they hunt for fish. Mothers use their paws to inform her cubs of her approval as well as disapproval. Baby cubs are also voracious eaters. Black Bears rarely attack, and have a long history of not harming humans in the Blue Ridge, Smoke Mountains region, yet in 2006 two hikers on two separate occasions were fatally mauled, an unusual and unfortunate occurrence. They are quite intelligent and curious. The best defense is to back out of the area slowly. One of the more notable facts about this species is that they are excellent climbers, even when cubs. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. A thriving black bear population reflects overall health in the forest. At its normal pace black bears waddle slowly and casually. It’s best to remember that Black Bears can run at speeds up to 30-miles an hour, climbing a tree won’t help you, bears are great climbers and water won’t help you either, black bears are good swimmers. On the other hand, some polar bears must travel very far in search of food and may roam ranges of … American black bears are found in Canada, Mexico and North America. to find out first about our new feature stories, road trips and special offers The polar bear has many different unusual characteristics but the most common is. The difference in male/female weight can be up to 25% to 30%. They offer information on bear facts, show live videos of black bear dens, and offer rentals of “black bear boxes”, a box of materials to teach a unit on black bears for the price of $150. Standing on their hind legs they range from 5 to 6 feet in height and 3 feet at shoulder. Over the next three years they will grow to their full adult weight, totally maturity at about 4 years old. Bears * About Us * Contact Us * Bear Cruelty. The mating ritual of Black Bears consist of male bears rubbing against trees, stripping off tree bark, biting trees or other wood surfaces in order set a scent that will attract female bears. Black bears are shy and normally avoid people. For starters, black bears, or Ursus americanus, are small, plentiful (compared to the other North American bear species) bears, with a range that extends from Alaska and Canada all the way to Mexico. Still one should not get too close or feed them. Panhandling bears are technically referred to as “habitual bears” and always a problem all their own. Scent isn’t the only way they express their emotions. Male bears leave the females after mating providing no assistance to the mother or cubs welfare. The American black bear is the world’s most common bear species. 2. Most reliable way to distinguish a Black Bear skeleton from that of a Grizzly Bear: (Gordon 1977) Grizzly's 1st molar in lower jaw is longer than 20.4 mm (.8 in) and wider than 10.5 mm (.4 in) Other good ways to distinguish Black and Brown Bears: Grizzly has shoulder hump; Black Bear doesn't Asiatic black bear Southeast Asia and East Asia are home to three bear species: 1) the sloth bear of the Indian subcontinent; 2) sun bears (also known as Malayan bears) of southern Asia; and 3) moon bears (also known as Asiatic black bears) bears of Asia. At maturity they can weigh as little a 200 pounds to as much as 600 pounds. North American Black Bear Physical Characteristics Colour. During winter they mostly sleep but not a true hibernation. Female Black Bears, known as “sows,” mate once every two years, males mate annually. After roughly 8 to 10 weeks, the cubs weigh about 5 pounds and can journey out of the den with their mother. Many facts including growth rate, habitat, time of year, diet, and gender determine how big a bear will grow. By this time they have full coats (usually each coat of the cubs varies in color shade,) the cubs are more physically active and very playful. The attacks were credited to too much rural development along the perimeter areas of the mountains and national forest areas near where the attacks took place. ract:eristics of black bears (Ursus americanus) were studied in west-central Idaho during 1973-77. Most of this weight is gained in the fall, preparing for winter hibernation or deep sleep. Relatively little is known about these bears. Momma bears teach her cubs how to select specific foods to eat, such as berries, nuts, wild plants and the proper way to burrow for small animals. While in the trees, the cubs observe their domain, play and often take naps. It is forbidden to place a nutritive substance as bait to trap black bear, depending on the UGAFs, during the periods mentioned in the following table: UGAF. In fact their baby cubs take to the water quickly. In parks such as Yosemite National Park in California, black bears are accustomed to people because they view them as a source of food handouts. map... 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If there is water where they live they will exploit it for food. Privacy •They have a keen sense of smell (a bear's sense of smell is seven times greater than a bloodhound's) and good hearing. They grip their prey with their sharp teeth or claws. A common application of Black Bear scent last 24 to 48 hours as they intentionally rub their oils on rocks. As intelligence goes some scientist believe they’re nearly as bright as primates. Black bears are carnivorous though it makes up only a small portion of their diet. They also eat ants, grubs, termites, beetles, and other insects. The black bear’s coat has lots of layers of shaggy fur, which keeps it warm in cold winter months. The mother will usually mate every 2 years but frequency depends on food resources, age, environment, and habitat density. Their keen sense of smell gives them much information about their environment and foods they eat. Some species of bears, including Asiatic black bears and sun bears, are also threatened by the illegal wildlife trade. It is trying to get more information about you and your intentions. They begin climbing as cubs and continue all their lives. Records of human attacks are rare. Huge bears tend to be male. American black bears are eating machines and are mostly vegetarian. An average adult male weighs about 300 pounds while females average about 170 pounds. Their scent can also show signs of gender, it can send out mating offers and express emotions such as fear. Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site If given the opportunity they will attack (or threaten) other predators to scavenge their prey. Other species may be nocturnal, active at night, though female sloth bears with cubs may feed more at daytime to avoid competition from conspecifics and nocturnal predators. Though male bears usually mature a few months after female, some male bears can breed as early as 1 1/2 years old. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains At maturity they can weigh as little a 200 pounds to as much as 600 pounds. Cub training begins at this stage of growth, learning what to eat, how to climb trees and they even learn to swim. If you encounter a standing black bear, it is not threatening you. Top Tag’s. The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.It is the continent's smallest and most widely distributed bear species. A bear might attack if they feel their cubs are in danger, if the bear feels personally threatened or if it’s a habitual bear looking for human food and is willing to take what it wants. When confronted, a typical mock-heroic charge consists of sniffing the air with a fixed stare straight ahead. * BearLife.org * Polar Bears * Panda Bear * Koala * Grizzly Bear * Black Bear * Red Panda * During this early period of cub development, the cubs wrestle, tumble, run, play tag and love to climb trees, developing their sense of coordination and building their strength. During her 3 weeks of heat she is likely to breed with several male bears. If necessary she will rightfully drive her cubs away before the coming of her every other year mating season. They have round ears perched on broad heads. . Black bears can remain dormant for up to 5 months in winter. They may become protective if cubs are present and may bluff intruders with fake charges. They have behavioral adaptations too, like being very timid. They more often use the same mock behavior for both defensive and offensive encounters. Black bears are large - They have erect, rounded ears; a long, narrow, brown muzzle; and a short tail. Their scent derives from their fur, which is transferred onto anything they come into contact with. The black bear is very adaptable. It’s only natural for Black Bears to live a long healthy life in the wilderness they inhabit: yet bear-human conflicts due to food sources and encroachment have interfered with the natural design of the bears plan, creating endangerment and decline for these Southern Appalachian Bear residents. Males can be up to 70 percent heavier than females. The Black Bear’s natural diet can consist of berries, nuts, roots, pinecones, pine seeds, fir needles, leaves, huckleberries, beechnuts, acorns, hickory nuts, honey and over 50 varieties of plant, not to mention the insects. Black Bears go into a winter sleep though their body temperature and metabolism stay near normal. In the wild they eat a mostly 80% vegetarian diet though they are also classified as carnivores due to the basis of their tooth structure and a appetite for small mammals and fish when they can catch them. Invaders are run off by the more aggressive mother, the less aggressive mother will usually take to a nearby tree with her cubs for safety sake in order to avoid a fight or having her cubs hurt. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains When in danger or hunting for prey they have the ability to burst into running mode with speeds up to 25 to 30mph. These bears are medium-sized and black or brown in color with a brownish snout. Black Bears make their sleeping dens in caves, large standing hollow trees, rocky overhangs or old decaying logs they dig out, where as their favorite daylight hangouts are trees, up in the branches out of harms way. Black bears are one of the more common species in North America. Cubs from 1 to 3 per litter are born in winter dens from mid January to mid February and weigh about 8 ounces or more and are totally dependent on their mothers. In other areas they are actively hunted and are subject to open "hunting seasons". The oldest animal encountered was a female,number 67-108,killed on the study area during the 1967 season and aged at 20.75 years. Black Bears reach full maturity between 2 to 5 years of age and can live well into their 30’s under normal, natural condition. Black bear facts. The only color highlights on their mostly dark fur are brown patches on their face and sometimes white chest markings. The further west you go, the more likely it is you could see brown, cinnamon, tan or blonde black bears. Black Bears have great paw dexterity with their front feet, allowing them to be firm and gentle. Since bears like to hunt fish they are not shy of water. From spring through summer they eat when it suits them and enjoy napping a lot, when fall approaches they stuff themselves on forest harvests in order to build up an adequate layer of nourishing fat for the winter season. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains, Great Mountain Attractions and Destinations, Magazine, Virtual Tours and Scenic Road Trips, Living Green and Eco Friendly in the Mountains, Mysteries, Myths and Legends in the Mountains, Conference, Meeting and Retreat Facilities, Theatre  •  Concerts  •  Mountain Entertainment, Blue Ridge Highlander Mountain Emporium and Art Gallery, Artists, Art Galleries and Art Associations in the Mountains, Museums, History and Culture in the Mountains, Rivers, Creeks and Trout Streams in the Mountains. Black bears are highly dexterous, capable of opening screw-top jars and manipulating door latches. To put their speed in perspective, bears can run 15 meters per second (50 feet per second). Comparable to both dogs and cats, bears have the ability to sense a present danger up to a mile away and like the feline and K9 crowd, black bears can sense friend or foe more by what they can smell, than see. Your e-mail addresses will not be sold or given away to anyone. 1 to 5, 7 to 37, 41 to 49, 51 to 55 and 70 to 86: July 1 to August 31 : Female Black Bears tend to stay in more confined familiar areas, knowing what’s commonly available for their cub’s provisions and a familiar den. They build their dens in caves, burrows, tree trunks, and brush or grass nests. At times when the mother needs to forage for her young cubs without their interference, she’ll send her cubs up a nearby tree in a good feeding area, keeping a close eye on her cubs. Black bear paws have short claws to help them climb, dig, gather plant food, and attack small mammals. They will nurse the mother who is often barely aware of their cubs feeding during their hibernation period. They mostly eat grasses, herbs and fruit, but will sometimes eat other things, including fish. The total black bear population is estimated to be between 600,000 to 700,000 (excluding baby cubs). Standing on their hind legs they range from 5 to 6 feet in height and 3 feet at shoulder. Of the two species, black bears have a much larger range across the United States. Breeding season begins each July followed by a gestation of 7 months, most cubs are delivered from mid January to mid February; litters consist of 1 to 3 cubs. Black bears are not true hibernators. 3. Their front footprints have an oval base with a curved toe line. They wake up at times after long periods of sleep and will leave the den for short strolls then return for more deep sleep. One of the more notable facts is that some do not hibernate as long or skip the process altogether when food is abundant. They use their claws like fingers when they eat. Their territory is greatly reduced in Mexico. Trees or man-made structures can retain the scent for 3 or 4 weeks. Baby black bears are born and live in the safety of the mother's den during winter. Their ears are large and erect. 1. The sound of their voice expresses how they feel such as happy, sad, angry, fretful or alarmed. Always exercise caution if you come across a Black Bear in the wild, when disturbed they can be highly unpredictable. In fact, a bear can outrun a race horse over short distances, but has little endurance. Mothers have their cubs when in hibernation and can always sense an intrusion. Bears are fast; they can run more than 60 kilometers an hour (37 mph) – that’s twice as fast as an Olympic sprinter. They collect grass and leaves to pad their dens. An actual hibernation consists of lower body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. Interested in your business being on the Highlander, click here... Let our visitors tell you about the Highlander... Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site Description of the Black Bear Black bears are, you guessed it, black! PDF | Two geographically discrete populations of black bears (Ursus americanus) in Idaho were studied during 1973-76. A pregnant sow will gain an additional 30 to 50 % of her body weight eating as much as 4 times the normal. But this smaller bear is very shy and generally avoids confrontations. American Black Bears will hibernate in the winter so that they don’t die from lack of food and the cold. The American black bear is the smallest North American bear. There are 80 different North American Bear species; many of these are considered variants of the brown and grizzly bear. American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location.They typically live in largely forested areas but will leave forests in search of food. The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) also known as the North American black bear is the most common bear species native to North America.It lives throughout much of the continent, from northern Alaska south into Mexico and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.This includes 41 of the 50 U.S. states, all Canadian provinces except Prince Edward Island, and portions of northern … Physical and Behavioral Characteristics. They will then charge to within 3 to 20 feet away from their suspect, slap one or both feet on the ground making a loud huffing noise. 4. At that point they venture on to live on their own. The next biggest record black bear weighed 876 pounds and was in Minnesota. Black bears den for various lengths of time governed by the diverse climates in which they live, from Canada to northern Mexico. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. In the continental United States they live in less than 20% of their original range. Should you encounter a possible lost cub or cubs, you should contact Lisa at Appalachian Bear Rescue, she maintains a hotline for notifying the proper authorities for necessary bear cub rescue or recovery at (865) 448-0143. Yellowstone is home to two species of bears: grizzly bears and black bears. Black bears come in more colors than any other North American mammal. Mother bears will protect their cubs to their very end and should never be approached under any circumstances. Often momma bear likes to play with her cubs in their games showing her love and affection to her offspring. They can run for short distances only. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains, Sign The black bear is a bulky and thickset mammal. They are very strong with recorded cases of a black bear turning over 300 pound rocks with a single foreleg. Black bear Characteristics. Approximately 150 cm long and with a height at the shoulder that varies from 100 to 120 cm, an adult black bear has a moderate-sized head with a rather straight facial profile and a tapered nose with long nostrils. The largest black bear ever recorded in North America weighed 880 pounds and lived in North Carolina. Toes are spread out. Their normal skin is a black color and is covered with white fur. Though their curiosity may spark encounters, black bear attacks are … Read our other Tales within the Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign Today their home range territory is mostly in Alaska and Canada. An attempt was made to correlate selected measured characteristics of black bears with their ages. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Physical Characteristics. The average cub litter size is 1 to 3. The warmer southern Appalachian’s (southern Blue Ridge Smoky Mountain) regions may cause mother bears to be more alert and aware when giving birth. Black Bear cubs learn what’s proper to eat, and what’s poison, by sniffing their mother’s breath to determine what they should consume. The black bear is large and stocky and has a short tail. In other areas they are actively hunted and are subject to open "hunting seasons". Black Bear Facts. Hind tracks have a triangular indentation. They may be called black bears, but their coat can be blue-gray or blue-black, brown and even sometimes white! Of bears who monitor their hunting activities actually graceful swimmers bear, it can send out mating offers and emotions! Area, it tells bears which other bears to avoid then return for more deep sleep North. Sound of their diet different North American bear ( black bear characteristics americanus ), are the common... 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