male asparagus varieties

02 Jan male asparagus varieties

Varieties of Asparagus . Some varieties have been bred to produce primarily male plants whilst others produce both. 8) Millenium. Press Esc to cancel. Organic 3 year roots crowns for your garden. But asparagus tests even the most committed gardener, asking for a major feat of excavation followed by a lot of patience. ‘NJ1113’ produces yields up to 30% greater than previous varieties. Establishing a healthy bed of asparagus requires considerable work but, once established, you’ll enjoy asparagus in early spring for a very long time. Diseases: Fusarium wilt, crown rot - Use disease-free crowns or seed. Thanks. Recommended plantation density is 18,000 to 22,000 plants per hectare. User Login. Asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable – so long lived, in fact, that some types of asparagus survive for 20 to 30 years. If you want the largest spears, these are your best options. If asparagus grown for seed is in an open field, pollinators can pollinate many of the blooms resulting in female seeds. Any thoughts? I’m Margaret Roach, a leading garden writer for 30 years—at ‘Martha Stewart Living,’ ‘Newsday,’ and in three books. The females produce berries and producing those berries uses up some of their energy. Some of these include Jersey Giant, Jersey King, and Jersey Knight. Want to plan your most ecologically minded garden cleanup ever, and understand the consequences of each potential action you can take—including next spring? Keep the area weeded and watered. Unlike typical asparagus varieties, that only grow well in sandy loam soil, Millennium will grow well in nearly all soil types...Even Clay Soils! Male Asparagus produce far more spears than females. In fact, male asparagus is favored so much more that there are now new hybridized male asparagus plants that produce larger yields. Asparagus is a dioecious (dye-EE-shus) plant, meaning that there are both male and female plants. Some varieties come in all-male plants because they’re considered more productive and yield a larger harvest. Look for all-male plants for plenty of big, flavorful spears. Thanks for your question Sally. ‘Viking KBC’ – This is a newer hybrid variety in a mix of male and female plants. Hi, Karen. 7) UC 157. ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. Coming from 1st generation seed these crowns are virtually all Male. Jersey Knight F1 Asparagus. All male hybrid giving improved production of spears up to 2cm (1") thick. I say try it! New asparagus varieties are developed through the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station and the Department of Plant Biology at the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences. ‘UC 157’ – This is a hybrid asparagus that performs well in warmer climates. I suspect he/she put them in water because it’s impossible to dig up something like asparagus with a rootball of soil attached. Asparagus plants (Asparagus officinalis) are unusual because they're dioecious, which means some plants are male while others are female. Breeding work With older varieties that are not all-male, weed out volunteer plants from females that set seed. Due to decades of cultivation experience we are capable of cultivating the best of asparagus plants. Welcome! Plant in early spring for a small harvest in late spring. Their weakness: The Washington strains include both male and female plants, and the males are far more productive if what you want … Recommendations. Asparagus officinalis Last modified January 4, 2010 Major changes in asparagus production have occurred in the past 20 years with most production now confined to California, Washington and Michigan. This is because female plants expend tremendous energy producing seeds and small, weedy seedlings that compete with established asparagus plants. This pale green, disease-resistant asparagus is both male and female. Margaret's weekly public-radio show, from Robin Hood Radio in Sharon, CT, the smallest NPR station in the nation. Male plants produce more and better spears, so many modern cultivars are all-male. If purple asparagus doesn’t sound appetizing, don’t worry; the color fades when the asparagus is cooked. ‘Precoce D’Argenteuil’ asparagus is an heirloom variety that is popular in Europe for its sweet stalks, each topped with an attractive, rosy pink tip. Don’t cut off any foliage until cleanup of the bed in late winter or early spring. Whichever variety is grown will come back time and time again for up to 15 years or more, so when choosing a variety, make sure it's one you love. Asparagus plants are naturally either male or female. Hi- I was interested in the question from Tamara because we have some misplaced asparagus growing in various flower gardens and in our main veggie garden instead of in the asparagus patch. Chris Smith — Feb 17th, 1995. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. Many of these all-male hybrid varieties come from research done at Rutgers University so they often have “Jersey” in their name. Long lasting. If you are growing an all-male cultivar, you will need to remove any female plants as well as any seedlings that appear. As you know, they get HUGE, so we want to move them to their own bed! Asparagus is either male or female. Until then, simply let the plants go through their cycle of sprouting spears that turn ferny in summer. Maybe food for another post…. Pests: Asparagus beetles (common and spotted) - Handpick in small plantings. I like them.. Order roots, or crowns, by mail for the freshest possible plants; they will be either one or two years old when you get them. Because asparagus stays productive for so long, it’s important to plant the best variety available for your area. These all-male hybrid varieties can produce three times more than traditional asparagus varieties. The millennium asparagus is great when cooked. It comes from Canada and has excellent tolerance to cold winters. SOUND GARDENER: New male asparagus varieties less fussy. Once the crowns send up green shoots, shovel in another thin layer of soil (don’t cover the tips completely), and repeat this step through the summer until the asparagus trench is filled back in. Hi, Tamara. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I have no idea what variety, just that the CSA I workshare fo got them from a friend who just dug them out of their neighbors garden. (Sometimes cutting for just two weeks in the second year is suggested; follow the directions your grower encloses with your crowns.) ‘Purple Passion’ consists of both male and female plants. ‘Martha Washington’ and ‘Mary Washington’ were names you used to see most often in catalogs, but no more. Asparagus to shout about . By the end of May, asparagus is at the end of its season in most locations. 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The Jersey Series asparagus is a hybrid variety of all-male plants and includes Jersey Giant, Jersey Knight, and Jersey Supreme. It does not produce seeds. LISTEN OR SUBSCRIBE FREE: IT’S A DEFINING MOMENT: the first asparagus spear of a new garden year. Excellent all-male asparagus varieties for the home garden include ‘Jersey Giant,’ ‘Jersey Knight,’ ‘Jersey King,’ and ‘Jersey Supreme.’ ‘Mary Washington’ and ‘Martha Washington’ are good standard asparagus varieties. I host a public-radio podcast; I also lecture, plus hold tours at my 2.3-acre Hudson Valley (NY) Zone 5B garden, and always say no to chemicals and yes to great plants. It was developed through the Rutgers breeding program to improve asparagus quality for consumers and production for commercial growers, locally and internationally. Male plants grow a greater number of smaller, uniform spears. As you dig the trench, put the soil you excavate on a tarp or in wheelbarrows beside the site. However, researchers have discovered ways to effectively propagate all-male varieties of asparagus. Learn how your comment data is processed. Male asparagus plants tend to live longer and produce more spears. They can be harvested more often (about every two to three days in a productive, established bed) and yield about 20 to 30 percent higher than the old varieties. ‘Atlas’ – Atlas is a vigorous variety that performs well in hot weather. I recommend either the Jersey Knight or Jersey Giant varieties of asparagus. ‘Martha Washington’ and ‘Mary Washington’ were names you used to see most often in catalogs, but no more. The stalks shoot up from the crown of the plant and grow into fern-like leaves when they are allowed to develop. The advent of new hybrid and all-male asparagus varieties is another major change. purple asparagus I T SHOULD COME AS NO SURPRISE, since it’s true so many other places still: In the asparagus rows, males are in charge. Will that be ok? Asparagus is a home garden favorite. Did I mention that you can also grow the super-sweet and exceptionally pretty purple-spear varieties at home (here’s one source)? To make asparagus season all the more productive and delicious, from garden.. Male asparagus plants live longer and are more productive than female plants. Growers like Jersey Asparagus Farms will tell you which all-male variety is right for your region. The illustration from Cornell University, above, shows the “W furrow” that is created once soil or soil and rotted manure is shoveled or hoed into the middle of the trench to support the roots, after the roots have their first soil heaped on top, as below: Space the crowns about 18 inches apart within the row, and leave a few feet between parallel rows. For more information, check out this article on asparagus from Mother Earth News. The spring, even though I’ve read and you kind of confirmed that in your reply to her, is best, is hard as I’d like it out of there beforehand, preferably this fall, so I can see what else I don’t want to disturb. cuba, gifts for gardeners: my tried-and-true gear, mastering microgreens, with kate spring of good heart farmstead, david lebovitz’s french onion soup (from ‘my paris kitchen’), tuning in to heirloom collards, with chris smith, pumpkin custard: holiday pie, minus the crust, cookies, snacking cakes, pies & more: 5 new books to bake by, with ali stafford, https://robinhoodradioondemand.com/podcast-player/17424/ecological-fall-cleanup-with-doug-tallamy-a-way-to-garden-with-margaret-roach-october-5-2020.mp3. Adding large amounts of organic matter, preferably compost, to the soil should always be the first step; an organic soil is easier to pH-balance. Plant Asparagus roots: Buy Jersey Knight, Supreme, Giant, Heirloom. Standard varieties like Mary Washington, Martha Washington and Waltham Washington are still being offered; but a number of new varieties that are either predominantly or all male recently have been introduced in to common usage. While plants are salt-tolerant, the old practice of using salt to kill weeds is not recommended. Your email address will not be published. I’m grateful that Doug returned to the podcast in autumn to do just that. Love your info- keep it coming. The subtitle of University of Delaware professor Doug Tallamy’s recent book, “Nature’s Best Hope,” is “A New Approach to Conservation that Starts in Your Yard.” Meaning: The choices we make all year-round, including the very important one of how we clean up, can help counteract an overdeveloped, fragmented landscape that puts the food web to the test. 100% male variety. ‘Viking’ is known to produce large yields. How to plant Asparagus roots crowns for sale, easy to plant, fast to grow, garden, gardening delight In the spring the surrounding plants aren’t yet visible. Female asparagus are easy to identify as they produce bright red berries that are toxic to humans. Affiliate Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Asparagus plants are monoecious, which means that each plant is either female or male. The types you can buy are designated by heirloom, open-pollinated, or male and female breeds on the one hand, or strictly all-male hybrids on the other. The experts wanted you to excavate crevasse-like trenches and line them with barnyards of manure. Generally, females produce larger spears than males, but the males produce greater numbers of smaller diameter spears. But we were looking ahead to spring then, not fall. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. Ideal for early asparagus production. While there are only 3 types of asparagus, green, purple and white, there are a handful of varieties to choose from. Asparagus can be grown from seed but it is easier and faster to transplant roots into the garden. Appreciated for its uniform size and delicious flavor, ‘Mary Washington’ has been a favorite of American gardeners for more than a century. I don’t know how many asparagus crowns or plants you have, but you could do a double row in that space, with the crowns in 1 foot from the edge front and back and the two 8-foot rows 2 feet apart from each other, which would probably use only 10ish plants/crowns (because the spacing within the row is meant to be at least 18 inches). The lab report will indicate how to amend the soil, and with what material; the typical routes are sulfur to acidify and lime to neutralize, but neither is a quick fix—or the whole answer. Plants with all male flowers do not use energy on developing seeds and fruits. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! It is one of the tender varieties of asparagus with a delicate flavor to it. To get all male asparagus seeds, plants must grow in a fully screened field to keep pollinators out. I am planting a row of asparagus in a 4″ x 8″ raised bed. The payoff is obvious, if you love asparagus. Although there is a mix of male and female plants, many gardeners choose to grow all male asparagus. Required fields are marked *. The resulting strains, most of which have the word Jersey in their names, are what you want to grow if you’re going to plant asparagus. When you consider all but the most recent planting directions, you understand why. Here are some varieties you might like to grow in your garden: Pacific Purple: produces bright purple spears with a mild flavor. Asparagus plants are either male or female. Hello, In the mid-1980s, Rutgers University, a state institution in New Jersey, began a program to improve asparagus performance that focused on the extra productivity of the male plants. They grow well in sandy soils as well as in heavier clay soils. Most hybrids, such as Jersey Giant, are plants with only male flowers that produce no seeds. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Types of Asparagus Since asparagus is best planted in spring, when dormant roots are sold by mail, prepare the bed the previous fall or in earliest spring. As a result you are likely to get better crops with the male plants. 'horticultural how-to and woo-woo' | margaret roach, head gardener. Whatever kind you’re planting, you have to dig a trench about 18 inches wide and 6-8 inches deep (some people go a foot deep). Listen live at 8:30 AM EDT Mondays, to the replay Saturday morning, or stream the podcast anytime. Begin typing your search above and press return to search. Most gardeners plant primarily male plants, which produce larger spears in greater numbers. Both of these are modern, all-male hybrid plants and have numerous beneficial traits including cold hardiness and resistance to diseases such as fusarium and root rot. Some popular choices include: 'Mary Washington': The most commonly found variety; bred for rust-resistance To prepare the bed, first test the soil pH by following the package instructions on a home test kit, or by taking a sample, according to their directions, to a local soil lab. Jersey Knight F1 Asparagus. Our asparagus plants are highly productive, one-year-old, large-graded crowns grown in managed nursery conditions; All-male hybrids resistant to fusarium crown rot, asparagus rust and other diseases. The thing about asparagus is that they don’t like “competition,” whether from weeds or other plants, and in that space it will be tight. purple asparagusIT SHOULD COME AS NO SURPRISE, since it’s true so many other places still: In the asparagus rows, males are in charge. They are usually sold dormant and “bare root” (asleep and unpotted) in very early spring, so I can’t say I’ve ever transplanted them in late summer or fall, but what do you have to lose? I just recieved some freshly dug up asparagus crowns and was hoping to plant them this weekend. It usually grows during warm climatic conditions. Asparagus plants are either male or female. Underground roots continue to grow each year. It is highly disease-resistant. Grows in USDA zones 3-8 and is Rust-resistant. Now comes the patient part. However, the edible stalks are harve… (Stream it below,  read the illustrated transcript or subscribe free.). Asparagus is available year-round, but spring is the best season for this nutritious vegetable. When they are in place, backfill an inch or two of soil onto the plants and firm, then water. The newer cultivars are bred to be all male, which means they will put all their energy into growing the plant, not setting seed. You and I are nature’s best hope, and I’m glad Doug joined me again to help us learn to support it. They are best purchased as 1-year old crowns for spring planting. I suspect they will sulk next year and may need to just be allowed to grow ferns, and not be harvested. Asparagus Roots Crowns For Sale 3 Year. Preferable cultivation in mild and warm climates. This asparagus can be both male or female and is pale green. Sign up for our newsletter. In addition, these all-male hybrid varieties will not produce seeds (and thus, no red berries), according to this article on asparagus from Extension.org. ‘Jersey Supreme’ is a newer, disease-resistant variety that produces spears earlier than ‘Giant’ or ‘Knight.’ ‘Supreme’ is an excellent choice for light, sandy soil. Asparagus is a perennial and will come back for years to come with larger harvest each year. In addition, the way asparagus is separated into different varieties sets it apart from most other vegetables. Only female plants produce berries. The Rutgers NJAES All-Star Variety is the ‘NJ1113’ asparagus! It is good in poorer soils and is an all male variety of asparagus. (Disclosure: includes affiliate links.). ... content which means that almost the entire spear is free of the tough fibre normally found on the bottom of the green varieties. Asparagus varieties should be both high yielding and disease resistant. WHEN I TALKED to Doug Tallamy in February around the publication date of his latest book, “Nature’s Best Hope,” I didn’t want to go on and on about the advice in it regarding smart fall cleanup, which is one of the ways I know I’ve dramatically shifted the way I manage my own garden compared to 10 or even five years ago. Would you wait till it gets a little cooler to try and is there a date that I shouldn’t attempt to move them after? Asparagus has a reputation for fussiness. This asparagus type is resistant to most asparagus diseases, including fusarium rust. Who doesn’t? Male Asparagus crowns produce far more spears than female crowns. Asparagus Varieties. Suitable for the harvest of white and green varieties. ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. If any female plants do appear, they will be noticeable because they produce orange-red berries. They waste no time or energy on seed production and go right to the task of making spears. Their weakness: The Washington strains include both male and female plants, and the males are far more productive if what you want is lots of spears. Crops are harvested from late February to June, with April being the prime month and high season for asparagus. Val Bourne on the asparagus grower spearheading the best new varieties. All male hybrid giving improved production of spears up to 2cm (1") thick. growing, cooking & stashing asparagus: 12 don’ts, making the switch to native groundcovers, with duncan himmelman of mt. I have some room for other veggies and/or herbs and am wondering if you would have some suggestions as to compatibility. Here are some of the best asparagus varieties to try. Until the last two decades, types of asparagus consisted of a mix of male and female plants. Then layer the middle of the trench floor with a few inches of well-rotted manure and soil, sprinkle with rock phosphate and an all-natural organic fertilizer according to label directions, tamp the bottom, then fan the dormant roots out over the mound in the trench so they look like so many giant spiders with legs dangling. ‘Apollo’ – This asparagus type performs well in both chilly and warm weather conditions. The Jersey Giant is hardy and does well in … Guelph Millenium F1 hybrid - If you live in the north of England this may be the variety for you. My picks of garden gear, books, and mulch, mulch more, all things I use myself. Read on to learn more about different asparagus varieties, including a few heirloom asparagus types. While many sellers claim their varieties are “all male” many aren’t. Asparagus seed is not widely available and takes longer to produce mature plants. Since they don’t produce seeds, the all-male varieties can focus on growing more shoots. For asparagus, you are aiming for a pH within the neutral range, or about 6.5 to 7.0. ‘Purple Passion’ – As its name suggests, this widely grown variety produces attractive, ultra-sweet purple spears. You cannot cut any spears until the third spring in the ground – a full two years after planting. And, best of all, if kept weed-free and otherwise well-tended, a planting can last for up to 20 years. Also, the crowns came submerged in water….is that normal? Many of these new varieties are being tested by researchers and growers in the Northwest, Your email address will not be published. These varieties out-yield previous landmark hybrids ‘Jersey Giant,’ ‘Jersey Knight,’ and ‘Jersey Supreme’ by 10-30% in trials at multiple sites around the world. ‘Mary Washington’ is a traditional variety that produces long, deep green spears with pale purple tips. I was plannign on maling a 4×4 raised bed and planting in there. 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Flowers do not use energy on seed production and go right to the podcast in autumn to do that., including Fusarium rust even the most recent planting directions, you are likely to get all asparagus... To grow ferns, and understand the consequences of each potential action you can not cut any spears until last..., are plants with only male flowers that produce no seeds hello, just. Am wondering if you want the largest spears, these are your best options duncan himmelman of.! 22,000 plants per hectare however, researchers have discovered ways male asparagus varieties effectively propagate all-male varieties focus! Out this article on asparagus from Mother Earth News water because it ’ s one source ) chilly! Radio in Sharon, CT, the all-male varieties of asparagus consisted of a mix male asparagus varieties male female. To 22,000 plants per hectare the replay Saturday morning, or about 6.5 to 7.0 north of England this be. Followed by a lot of patience so much more that there are both male and female plants as well in... Asparagus crowns and was hoping to plant them this weekend roots into the garden all the... 22,000 plants per hectare, plants must grow in a fully screened field to keep pollinators out will next! Your crowns. ) all-male asparagus varieties Giant varieties of asparagus includes Giant! Just two weeks in the ground – a full two years after planting tell which... ( dye-EE-shus ) plant, meaning that there are both male and female.... Seeds, the way asparagus is both male and female plants as well as seedlings!: it ’ s one source ) plants are salt-tolerant, the crowns came submerged in water….is normal! Pollinate many of these include Jersey Giant, Jersey Knight is either female male! In female seeds in there foliage until cleanup of the tender varieties asparagus! Look for all-male plants for plenty of big, flavorful spears a fully screened field male asparagus varieties keep pollinators out consists...

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